By Peter A. Chew
This dissertation presents a coherent, synchronic, broad-coverage, generative phonology of Russian. I try the grammar empirically in a few how one can be sure its goodness of healthy to Russian. In taking this method, I objective to prevent making untested (or even incoherent) generalizations in response to just a handful of examples. regularly, the exams convey that there are exceptions to the speculation, yet at the least we all know what the exceptions are, a baseline is decided opposed to which destiny theories should be measured, and usually the proportion of remarkable situations is diminished to under 5%. The important theoretical results of the paintings are as follows. First, I express that every one of the phonological or morphophonological procedures reviewed might be defined by means of a grammar not more robust than context-free. Secondly, i take advantage of probabilistic constraints within the syllable constitution grammar to provide an explanation for why constraints on word-marginal onsets and codas are weaker than on word-internal onsets and codas. I argue that the positive aspects [+/- preliminary] and [+/- final], and extraprosodicity, are pointless for this goal.
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Extra info for A Computational Phonology of Russian
3, the critical factor which differentiates alternative theories of syllable structure assignment is the way in which each decides upon the ‘correct’ syllabification in cases where there are multiple possibilities. Kahn (1976) is a bottom-up, left-to-right algorithm; Itô (1986) is a topdown algorithm (which is left-to-right or right-to-left, depending on the language); and McCarthy and Prince (ms 1993) relies on ordering constraints and satisfying first those which are highest-ranked, and then those which are ranked lower if possible.
P. 165). C1C2V parsings occur in natural languages. -%! bra (Kahn 1976: 138): both examples contain a sequence consisting of a voiced stop followed by a liquid, but the English example syllabifies this sequence as an onset and the Icelandic one syllabifies it as a coda followed by an onset. C1C2V parsing). In a template-approach, however, the differences are explained by ‘the prosodic principle of Directionality’ (Itô 1986: 167). C2V parsing results from left-to-right matching (even if C1C2 is a possible onset), where the directionality of mapping is specified on a language-by-language basis.
CcCc+1…CaV " " where Cc+1…CaV is a permissible initial cluster but CcCc+1…CaV is not. b. Ca x……x . VC1…CjCj+1…Ca " where C1…Cj is a permissible final cluster but C1…CjCj+1 is not; x standing below a segment indicates that the segment is not associated with any syllable. Together, Rules I and II are sufficient to ensure that all segments in a well-formed string, vowels and consonants, are associated with one syllable or another; and as Kahn points out, the formal correlate of the fact that ill-formed strings will be rejected is that not all segments will be associated.