Download A Grammar of Toqabaqita by Lichtenberk, Frantisek PDF

Download A Grammar of Toqabaqita by Lichtenberk, Frantisek PDF

By Lichtenberk, Frantisek

Toqabaqita is an Austronesian language spoken through nearly 13,000 humans at the island of Malaita within the south-eastern Solomon Islands. This two-volume grammar is the 1st accomplished description of the language, in line with the author's box paintings. The grammar bargains with the phonology, morphology, syntax, and discourse styles of the language, in addition to with its touch with Solomon Islands Pijin. it is going to be of specific curiosity to typologists and to experts in Austronesian linguistics.

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5 Cliticization and fusion 33 Finally, there are also words that have the appearance of involving reduplication, although in the present-day language there are no corresponding bases. For example: (2-68) a. b. c. an7/ /k''k'n'/ /76776a/ ‘be scared, terrified’ ‘breadfruit’ ‘of a person: feel weak because ill’ In some cases reduplication is a synchronically productive process, specifically when verbs are reduplicated to express the continuative/iterative aspect. In other cases, the reduplicated forms are lexical items of their own that have only a historical relation to their original bases; for example, /n++-n+7/ ‘grease (in food)’ and /n+7/ ‘coconut’.

2-23) a. c. e. ’ b. d. f. /bn'/ ‘puff up’ /0'n/ ‘collapse’ /lala+a/ ‘ginger’ Across morpheme boundaries, sequences of more than two vowels that are not all identical are common: (2-24) a. b. c. sb. sb-LIP ‘take advantage of others’ On the other hand, at most two identical vowels can occur next to each other within morphemes and across morpheme boundaries. (2-25) a. c. /b++0a/ /mamaa/ e. OBJ f. ’ b. d. unfriendly-EXT-TR ‘be unfriendly to each other’ g. 4): (2-26) /rnn-rn–'/ RDP-search ‘keep on searching’ 16 Phonology If, through a morphological process, three identical vowels were to occur next to each other, one of them is deleted: (2-27) a.

Ethnologue gives the number of speakers of Toqabaqita as 12,572 in 1999 (Gordon 2005), which is a high number in the Solomons Islands context. ). Although bilingualism in Toqabaqita and Solomon Islands Pijin is the norm (see chapter 40), it is Toqabaqita that is the language of daily life. And although children are exposed to Solomon Islands Pijin at an early age, it is Toqabaqita that they acquire as their first language. At present the viability of the language is not under threat. The Toqabaqita people are primarily subsistence gardeners and practice swidden agriculture.

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