By Nicolas Van de Walle
This ebook explains why African nations have remained mired in a disastrous monetary trouble because the past due Nineteen Seventies. It indicates that dynamics inner to African kingdom buildings principally clarify this failure to beat fiscal problems instead of exterior pressures on those comparable buildings as is usually argued. faraway from being avoided from project reforms via societal curiosity and strain teams, clientelism in the country elite, ideological elements and coffee nation ability have ended in a few restricted reform, yet a lot prevarication and manipulation of the reform method, through governments that don't relatively think that reform should be powerful.
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Additional info for African Economies and the Politics of Permanent Crisis, 1979-1999
Abstracting from issues of autonomy, this literature often emphasizes the central role played by the technocrat, an apolitical state agent who favors policy reform. Adjustment success relies on the empowerment of effective technocrats, as part of change teams, and their insulation from popular pressures. Waterbury defines a change team as technocrats with few or no links to the political arena, although their prominence in the realm of macrostrategy may lead to such links. But in their capacity as the brain trust of the political leadership they will be politically isolated and utterly dependent on the head of state.
L ? In these models, economic power translates automatically into political power and organization is irrelevant. Neither the internal organization of groups nor the nature of institutional links to the state 4. A recent paper that makes a similar point in a very different setting is Steven Vogel, "When Interests Are Not Preferences: The Cautionary Tale of Japanese Consumers," Comparative Politics 3I (1999): 187-207. I 5. ), Beyond Urban Bias (London: Frank Cass, 1993). I6. Cited as an unpublished paper in Dani Rodrik, "Understanding Economic Policy Reform," Journal of Economic Literature 34 (I996): 9-42; cited on p.
Sidell, The IMF and Third World Instability (London: Macmillan, 1987). 9. An assessment of the extent of economic reform achieved in Latin America during the 1980s is provided by John Williamson, Latin American Adjustment: How Much Has Happened? (Washington, DC: Institute for International Economics, 1990 ). 10. Robert F. , "Mexico: Radical Reform in a Dominant Party System," in Stephan Haggard and Steven B. ), Voting for Reform: Economic Adjustment in New Democracies (New York: Oxford University Press, I994), pp.