By Aquino De Braganca, Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein
Read Online or Download The African Liberation Reader: Documents of the National Liberation Movements :Volume 2 The National Liberation Movements PDF
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Extra info for The African Liberation Reader: Documents of the National Liberation Movements :Volume 2 The National Liberation Movements
Instead of becoming closer to Portugal they became more antagonistic to her. In spite of close surveillance Mondlane and other African students formed an embryonic anti-Portuguese network from which came many of the leaders who today are in the forefront of the anti-colonialist struggle against Portugal in Africa. When Mondlane was offered a scholarship to study in America he seized the chance to pursue his higher education outside of Salazar's Portugal. A. A. D. From 1957 until 1961 he worked for the United Nations as a research officer on trust territories - thus becoming acquainted with the problems of the independence struggle in other parts of Africa and the world.
One began to export raw materials exclusively from 'Portuguese' Guinea to Portugal. Unable to make profit, the non-Portuguese commercial enter prises began to leave the country. Peanuts, just as other products of 'Portuguese' Guinea, upon export to Portugal were re-exported to other countries to the profit of Portuguese merchants and to the detriment of the Guinean producer, since the price on the Portuguese market was inferior to that of the world market. With the eventual development of the peanut-oil industry in Portugal nothing changed in this situation.
This action provoked arrests and deportations of our militants among whom one may count the patriots Figueira Lello and Liborio Nefwane. Portuguese authorities having intercepted some of our tracts, they learned that we were responsible for them and intervened with Belgian colonial authorities in order to bring an end to our activities. On the 23rd of March, 1956, we were convoked by the Provincial Director of the Criminal Investigation Department, who made us sign a document in which we promised to cease all political activity.