By Erdman Palmore PhD
During this up-to-date version, Palmore presents a entire evaluation for lots of various varieties of ageism together with the curiosity idea of optimistic ageism, which tasks onto the aged as a gaggle conventional virtues like knowledge. He discusses either person and social affects on attitudes in the direction of the elderly; analyzes institutional styles of ageism; and explores how one can decrease the effect of ageism at the aged. This booklet is a necessary source and textual content for college students and execs drawn to the sociology of getting older in our society.
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Extra info for Ageism: Negative and Positive
Various studies using the Facts on Aging Quizzes have found substantial numbers of people who believe "It is almost impossible for the average old person to learn something new," and "Cognitive impairment (memory loss, disorientation, or confusion) is an inevitable part of the aging process" (Palmore, 1998, p. 25). , 1992). Both undergraduates and visitors to a science museum tended to agree that older adults were less likely than younger adults to succeed in a course on computers, and that the older adults' failure was less related to a lack of effort and more to their age.
Studies of employed older people under actual working conditions generally show that they perform as well as, if not better than, younger workers on most measures (Rix, 1995). When speed and accuracy of movement are important to the job, some studies indicate some decline with age (Rhodes, 1983). However, intellectual performance, on which much of work performance depends, does not decline substantially until the 70sin most individuals and even later in others (Labouvie-Vief, 1985). Consistency of output tends to increase with age, and older workers have less job turnover, fewer accidents, and less absenteeism than younger workers (Riley & Foner, 1968).
Commission on Civil Rights (1977, 1979) found that age discrimination was present in each of 10 federal programs. Community mental health centers, legal services, vocational rehabilitation, social services to low-income individuals and families, employment and training services, the Food Stamp program, Medicaid, and vocational education 32 CONCEPTS all tended to discriminate against older people in various ways. Furthermore, this discrimination was common in all regions of the country and against all of the older age groups, although the oldest age groups (age 75 and older) tended to experience more discrimination.