By Conor Whately
In Battles and Generals: strive against, tradition, and Didacticism in Procopius’ Wars, Whately reads Procopius’ descriptions of wrestle throughout the lens of didacticism, arguing that one among Procopius’ intentions used to be to build these debts not just so they could be pleasing to his viewers, but additionally so they may supply genuine worth to his readership, which used to be comprised, partially, of the empire’s army command. during this research we find that the various battles and sieges that Procopius describes aren't commonly used; quite, they've been crafted to mirror the character of wrestle – as understood via Procopius – at the 3 fronts of Justinian’s wars, the frontier with Persia, Vandal north Africa, and Gothic Italy.
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Additional info for Battles and Generals: Combat, Culture, and Didacticism in Procopius’ "Wars"
182 A little later Cicero adds: “But in the doubtful and various fortunes of an outstanding individual we often find surprise and suspense, joy and distress, hope and fear; and if they are rounded off by a notable conclusion, our minds as we 178 179 180 181 182 Rance 1993: 83–84. In some ways Procopius’ structuring of his Wars around individuals anticipates the practice of later Byzantine historians such as John Kinnamos and Anna Komnena. Later ecclesiastical historians were also quite interested in individuals, and like their secular predecessors, major political leaders (emperors, and arguably, bishops), and generals.
25, trans. Zenos. Cameron (2011: 93–131) discusses the varied descriptions and interpretations of the battle in detail. Cf. Leppin 2003: 231–233. Socrates’ account of the battle is based, in part, on Rufinus’ earlier version (Cameron 2011: 109). 491). A key element in both John’s and Socrates’ descriptions is the role that Theodosius’ prayers played in his victory. Some ancient accounts were keen to emphasize the intervention of God in Theodosius’ success (Cameron 2011: 98–99), others leave out any possible pagan/Christian dimension in their accounts, or so Cameron (Cameron 2011: 111).
Lendon 1999: 290–295. Significantly, Procopius himself seems to have read the text (Procop. Build. 13). e. early fourth century) Sparta. For a battle narrative with these precepts in action see book seven of the Cyropaedia. For a more detailed exposition of Xenophon’s views on generalship and tactics, see Hutchinson (2000). Cf. Shay 1994. The value that hunting had for instilling military skills was recognized throughout antiquity. In late antiquity Maurice, or at least some external editor of the text, appended a discussion on hunting to his Strategicon.