By Beth Anne Eck
This research examines how humans impute that means at the nude snapshot, suggesting that individuals depend upon their very own social historical past, yet extra importantly, the context of the picture itself to contruct the nude's which means. The study explores how the culturally-bounded frames of artwork, pornography and knowledge, are necessary to the upkeep of social and ethical order. It extra illustrates that after the media, situation and viewers of the picture are pressured, as in relation to the nude in liminal areas of public tradition, respondents work flat out to categorise the picture into latest category schemes or create new ones.
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Additional info for Body as Social Text: Meaning and Interpretation of the Nude
It is “myself experienced by myself”, not in knowledge, but where “a glimpse” of oneself is revealed. Tacit or “lived” experience is the “silence” that precedes speech and, in coming to meaning in speech from an “inarticulate grasp upon the world”, “conditions” speech. Language, for Merleau-Ponty, is a form of mediation and, as such, is founded in the tacit experience of existence in a process of bringing existence to meaning, a dimension in which existence can encounter itself critically. Language and expression The mediated character of our knowledge of existence was apparent in Merleau-Ponty’s position on language when he claimed that “thought is no ‘internal’ thing, and does not exist independently of the world and of words” (PP: 183).
Words are not, for him, sounds or graphic markings external to the speaker’s “mental” meanings. He likens speech to expression in the arts, such as music and theatre where one can see that the sonata’s meaning and the character’s personality are the performances themselves. ) is the presence in the speaker of sedimented words that form a silent background to the figure of an act of expression, operative even when one thinks to oneself. Expression emerges for Merleau-Ponty from “a certain void of consciousness .
While freedom is always, Sartre insists, situated, no situation or given state of affairs can act upon or limit freedom. This is because the ontological distancing, or negation (néant), constitutive of the being of subjectivity (being-for-itself), leaves no room for passivity. The ontology of negation was intended to ensure the autonomy of the subject. As constituted by continuous negation/separation, the subject is pure action, immune to being acted upon: “it is impossible to act upon consciousness” (Sartre 1993: 422).