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Download Testing the Untestable in Language Education (New by Amos Paran, Lies Sercu PDF

Download Testing the Untestable in Language Education (New by Amos Paran, Lies Sercu PDF

By Amos Paran, Lies Sercu

This e-book investigates the intersections among language studying and language evaluate, and 4 particular components inside language studying: learner autonomy, intercultural competence, literature and literary competence, and the mixing of content material and language studying. The e-book is a useful addition to the literature on what are probably untestable and unassessable features of international language competence.

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Download The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics by Juan Manuel Hernandez-Campoy, Juan Camilo Conde-Silvestre PDF

Download The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics by Juan Manuel Hernandez-Campoy, Juan Camilo Conde-Silvestre PDF

By Juan Manuel Hernandez-Campoy, Juan Camilo Conde-Silvestre

Written via a world staff of best students, this groundbreaking reference paintings explores the character of language switch and diffusion, and paves the way in which for destiny examine during this quickly increasing interdisciplinary field.

• positive factors 35 newly-written essays from the world over acclaimed specialists that replicate the expansion and power of the burgeoning quarter of ancient sociolinguistics

• Examines how sociolinguistic theoretical versions, equipment, findings, and services can be utilized to reconstruct a language's previous as a way to clarify linguistic adjustments and developments

• Bridges the space among the previous and the current in linguistic studies

• based thematically into sections exploring: origins and theoretical assumptions; equipment for the sociolinguistic learn of the background of languages; linguistic and extra-linguistic variables; historic dialectology, language touch and diffusion; and attitudes to language

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Download Modality in Kazakh As Spoken in China by Aynur Abish PDF

Download Modality in Kazakh As Spoken in China by Aynur Abish PDF

By Aynur Abish

It is a finished research on modality in a single of the biggest Turkic languages, Kazakh, because it is spoken in China. Kazakh is the authentic language of the Republic of Kazakhstan and is in addition spoken via approximately one and a part million humans in China within the Xinjiang Uyghur self sustaining sector and in Aksai Kazakh self reliant County within the Gansu Province. the strategy hired is empirical, i.e. data-oriented. Modal expressions in Kazakh are analyzed in a theoretical framework primarily in keeping with the works of Lars Johanson within which semantic notions of modality are outlined from a practical and typological point of view. The modal different types volition, deontic and epistemic evaluate exhibit attitudes in the direction of the propositional content material and are conveyed in Kazakh by way of grammaticalized moods, debris and lexical units, handled intimately during this ebook. lots of examples in their diverse usages are supplied with interlinear annotation. The Kazakh expressions are in comparison with corresponding ones utilized in different Turkic languages. touch impacts of Uyghur and chinese language also are handled. The Appendix comprises 9 texts recorded through Aynur Abish in 2010-2012, normally within the northern areas of Xinjiang.

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Download A Collection of Qian Zhongshu's English Essays by Qian Zhongshu PDF

Download A Collection of Qian Zhongshu's English Essays by Qian Zhongshu PDF

By Qian Zhongshu

This e-book contains 24 English works of Mr. Qian Zhongshu, which includes his Bachelor thesis for Oxford college and different articles released in a few English magazines. extra serious about the content material of classical chinese language and Western classical literature. The e-book additionally comprises Mr. Qian's correspondences and very invaluable speeches.

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