Download Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar by William D. Davies PDF

Download Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar by William D. Davies PDF

By William D. Davies

The Choctaw language, indigenous to the southeastern usa, now with its maximum concentrations ofspeakers in Missis sippi, Oklahoma, and la, has frequently escaped the scrutinyoftheoreticallinguistics.ItisnotthatChoctaw isanintrin sicallyuninterestinglanguage- aquickglanceataclausewithfive contract controllers and a mismatch among the caseofafree standingnominaland its contract affix may still dispelthat thought. quite it truly is, i feel, the query of what we will research from a languageinwhichNPsdon'tmovearound,"WHs"don'tfront, and gaps easily come up from pronominalization. My wish is that the presentvolume, takentogetherwithagrowingliteraturespurredon through the workofPamMunro and her scholars atUCLA, will convey Choctawintothelightofdayand into the circleoflanguagescon sidered while developing theories that outline "possible human language." Thepresentstudy, arevisionofmy 1981dissertation(University ofCalifornia, SanDiego), focusesfirstandforemostontheChoctaw agreementsystem, takingthisasthekeytothestructureofChoctaw syntax. The rapid aim, then, is to supply a unified account ofthestructures and ideas underlyingtheagreement system.Along the way in which a rangeofgrammatical phenomena is tested, taken as proof for specific structural configurations, and included into awell-integratedaccountofmorphologicaland syntacticfacts. The resultsbearon anumber ofcurrent matters, includingthe Un accusative speculation, the life of demotions, the character of antipassive, disjunctive rule program, universals of causative structures, and others.For those purposes Choctawdeserves the scrutinyoftheoreticians. the information forming the corpus for research characterize quite a few Oklahoma Choctaw.They have been accumulated from a nativespeaker in San Diego among 1978 and 1982 and from quite a few audio system in Oklahoma in the course of prolonged visits to damaged Bow in 1980. I lX PREFACE x wishtothankthespeakerswhohelpedmebysharingtheirlanguage andencouragingmystudies.MyworkonChoctawwassupportedin partbyfundsfrom theNationalScienceFoundation(throughgrant numberBNS78-17498totheUniversityofCalifornia, SanDiego), theAmericanPhilosophicalSociety(throughaPhillipsFundgrant), andtheDepartmentofLinguisticsatUCSD.

Show description

Read or Download Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar PDF

Best foreign language dictionaries & thesauruses books

Colloquial Irish: The Complete Course for Beginners (Colloquial Series)

This e-book is superb for a whole self-taught newbie, an grownup schooling classification, or Irish one hundred and one. After operating via this quantity, the scholar can proceed on with easy Irish: A Grammar and Workbook which i've got additionally acquired. That quantity was once additionally released by means of Routledge in 2008. the 2 books train a customary kind of the language with a local choice for Connacht Irish.

A Basic Modern Russian Grammar

Словарь содержит около 20 тысяч слов и словосочетаний в англо-русской и русско-английской частях. Предназначается для изучающих английский язык в объеме среднего учебного заведения.

A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Hebrew Language for Readers of English (Hebrew Edition)

A transparent and concise paintings at the origins of the Hebrew phrases and their experience improvement. all of the c. 32,000 entries is first given in its Hebrew shape, then translated into English and analysed etymologically, utilizing Latin transcription for all non-Latin scripts. An necessary resource of biblical, Jewish, sleek Hebrew and close to jap reviews.

Polish:An Essential Grammar

Polish: an important Grammar is an obtainable, up to date Polish Grammar for English audio system. Organised in ten sections, this ebook presents in-depth insurance of all grammar components. Refreshingly jargon-free, it explains genders, noun varieties, circumstances and case standards of prepositions supplemented with actual examples.

Extra resources for Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar

Example text

Likewise, the unergative 1 cannot occur as a reflexive when coreferent with the matrix 1, (41b). The data in (42) and (43) show that 2s of embedded transitive clauses cannot be interclausal reflexives. 30 CHAPTER 2 (42) a. Chi- pisa -li chim- ahwa -h. 2ACC see lNOM 2DAT think PRED You think 1 see you. pisa -li chim- ahwa -h. b. IliREFL see lNOM 2DAT think PRED You think 1 see myself. *You think 1see you. sabashli -kii yimmi (43) a. Is2NOM lACC cut COMP=DS believe -Ii -h. lNOM PRED 1believe you cut me.

37) a. SalACC happy COMP SS believe lNOM PRED I believe that I am happy. b. I1inayokpa -ka -t yimmi -Ii -h. REFL happy COMP SS believe lNOM PRED I believe myself to be happy. (38) a. Chi- kapassa chim- ahwa -h. 2ACC cold 2DAT think PRED You think that you are cold. INTRANSITIVES 29 b. I1ikapassa chim- ahwa -h. REFL cold 2DA T think PRED You think yourself to be cold. In both (37) and (38) the subject of the embedded clause determines accusative agreement in the nonreflexive construction. Under the current hypothesis, that means the embedded clause in each has an unaccusative structure.

2=FO=NOM hurt PRED Q In (53b) and (54b) the accusative morphemes are omitted in the presence of unmarked pronouns and the clauses are ungrammatical. In (53c) and (54c) accusative markers are omitted in the presence of the nominative focus form of the subjects and the clauses are again ungrammatical. Because accusative agreement omission is not possible when the agreement marker is determined by an unaccusative subject, the condition on this construction cannot be stated simply in terms of a nominal bearing the 2-relation.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.61 of 5 – based on 49 votes
Comments are closed.