By Wiebke Denecke
Ever due to the fact Karl Jaspers's "axial age" paradigm, there were a few influential reviews evaluating historical East Asian and Greco-Roman historical past and tradition. notwithstanding, up to now there was no comparative learn regarding a number of literary traditions in those cultural spheres. This e-book compares the dynamics among the more youthful literary cultures of Japan and Rome and the literatures in their venerable predecessors, China and Greece. How have been writers of the more youthful cultures of Rome and Japan tormented by the presence of an older "reference culture," whose sophistication they favorite, whilst they anxiously strove to claim their very own particular identification? How did they take on the problem of adopting the reference culture's literary genres, rhetorical refinement, and conceptual vocabulary for writing texts in numerous languages and inside specified political and cultural contexts?
Classical global Literatures captures the outstanding similarities among the methods early jap authors wrote their very own literature via and opposed to the literary precedents of China, and the methods Latin writers engaged and contested Greek precedents. however it additionally brings to mild suggestive divergences which are rooted in geopolitical, linguistic, sociohistorical, and aesthetic transformations among early eastern and Roman literary cultures. featuring a strategy of "deep comparability" for the cross-cultural comparability of premodern literary cultures and calling for a diffusion of worldwide literature debates into the traditional and medieval worlds, Classical global Literatures is either a theoretical intervention and a call for participation to learn and re-read 4 significant literary traditions in an leading edge and illuminating gentle.
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Extra info for Classical World Literatures: Sino-Japanese and Greco-Roman Comparisons
The remaining chapters are designed as case studies devoted to particular questions and themes and explored through a highly selective set of examples from Japanese and Latin works. Chapter 2 and 3 are devoted to one of the fundamental similarities of the Sino-Japanese and Greco-Roman constellation, their position as latecomers. Chapter 2 explores what kind of strategies Japanese and Latin authors designed to tell the beginnings of their own literature and eloquence in a way that allowed their own tradition, despite its historical ﬂatness, to compete with Chinese and Greek precedents.
This was an important date in the conquest of Graecia Magna, for Rome the Greek-speaking territories closest to home, and it led to Rome’s ﬁrst extensive exposure to Greeks and Greek culture. Only the second century brought Rome in direct interaction with Hellenistic states outside of Italy and led eventually to the conquest of the Greek mainland, with the defeat of the Achaean League at Corinth in 146 bce. This phase, when Rome expanded its power beyond the Italic peninsula into the Eastern Mediterranean, seems to hold the key to long-standing scholarly debates about the nature and motives of Roman imperialism.
The diﬀerent degree of state involvement in both vignettes is remarkable: On the one hand there is a Korean emissary to the Japanese court. On the other, there is Crates, who comes from Asia Minor on a diplomatic mission to Rome, but his introduction of grammar teaching to Rome is unrelated to his oﬃcial mission. The people of Rome were lucky that he broke his leg in a sewer hole—plumbing being one of the glories of Roman material culture—and used his time of recovery for private lectures to the Roman public.