Download Comparative Phonology and Morphology of the Baltic Languages by Janis Endzelins, William R. Schmalstieg, Benjamiņš Jēgers, PDF

Download Comparative Phonology and Morphology of the Baltic Languages by Janis Endzelins, William R. Schmalstieg, Benjamiņš Jēgers, PDF

By Janis Endzelins, William R. Schmalstieg, Benjamiņš Jēgers, C. H. Van Schooneveld

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Author note: William R. Schmalstieg (Translator), Benjamiņš Jēgers (Translator),
C. H. Van Schooneveld (Editor)
------------------

This ebook is a broadcast model of my college lectures; for this reason, it omits insignificant information. From between characteristics regular to simply one of many Baltic languages, purely the extra vital ones were discussed.

Quotations from my Lettische Grammatik are taken from the second one variation which was once released in Latvian in 1951 with an identical paragraph numbers.

I have thought of it pointless to copy all of the literature quoted in my Lettische Grammatik.
J. ENDZELÏNS
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Extra resources for Comparative Phonology and Morphology of the Baltic Languages (Slavistic Printings and Reprintings, Volume 85)

Sample text

Giñti 'to chase', Latv. dzit (first sing. Lith. genii, Latv. dzçnu) are found Lith. gainióti 'to drive away, to chase', Latv. g. Lith. raisyti 'to tie several times', Latv. raisit 'to untie': Lith. risti 'to tie', Latv. rist; Skardzius gives other Lithuanian examples, Arch. , V, 61). g. Lith. gelmë 'depth; deep place', Latv. dzelme: Lith. gilùs 'deep', Latv. dzifs: Lith. gyle 'deep place', Latv. dzïle ; Lith. sveriù '(I) weigh', Latv. sveju: Lith. s virits 'unsteady, irresolute', Latv. sviris, sviris 'a device for getting water from a well', Lith.

In Lithuanian they retain their voicing in Lithuania Minor according to Kurschat (see his grammar, § 175), but Senn in his Kleine lit. Sprachlehre, p. 8, says that voicing has disappeared in sentence final position in the literary language of Lithuania Major. b. The fate of tautosyllabic nasals 51. g. sansy 'goose' or semen 'seed'. g. zqsis 'goose', vqsas 'hook, angle', grqzyti 'to turn repeatedly; to bore', acc. sing, lángq 'window', sqjüdis 'commotion', Sqlù '(I) am cold', sqmonè 'consciousness', sqnaris 'joint', tçvas 'thin, slim', sprqsti 'to decide', grqzti 'to turn', acc.

Uss, Pr. (acc. ) äusins: Goth, ausò, OCS. uxo (nom. dual usi), Lat. auris. g. Lith. versis 'ox; calf': Latv. vèrsis 'ox', Pr. werstian 'calf'; Lith. áugstas 'high': Latv. aûgsts, Lat. , see Slblt. , 29ff. , XVI, 111. g. Lith. mäzgas 'knot', Latv. mazgs: OHG. masca 'mesh'. For st < tt and dt, and zd < dd and td see 80. 42. a) Lith. s and Latv. and Pr. s can also correspond (cf. 41b) to Slavic, Avestan and Arm. s, Skt. s, Gk. χ, Lat. g. Lith. sirdis 'heart', Latv. sirds, Pr. seyr: Russ. cepdife, Arm.

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