Download Constructing Early Modern Empires: Proprietary Ventures in by Roper, L.H. (ed.), Ruymbeke, B. Van (ed.), L. H. Roper, B. PDF

Download Constructing Early Modern Empires: Proprietary Ventures in by Roper, L.H. (ed.), Ruymbeke, B. Van (ed.), L. H. Roper, B. PDF

By Roper, L.H. (ed.), Ruymbeke, B. Van (ed.), L. H. Roper, B. Van

Those essays on early smooth Atlantic empires give you the first accomplished therapy of this significant automobile of imperial formation and colonial improvement.

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Additional resources for Constructing Early Modern Empires: Proprietary Ventures in the Atlantic World, 1500-1750

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5 million inhabitants for 89,000 square kilometers in 1530, a population density of only 16 inhabitants per square kilometer), hence unable to implement a true migratory policy directed toward all of its overseas possessions. ”7 The monarch, João III (the Pious), entrusted one of his principal councilors and most trusted advisors, António de Ataíde (c. 1500–63), Count of Castanheira, with the responsibility of organizing an expedition to colonize Brazil. Placed under the command of Martim Afonso de Sousa, named for the occasion “Governor of the land of Brazil,” and composed of two nefs,8 one galleon, and two caravels, this expedition had several objectives: to carry out a thorough reconnaissance of the coastline from the Amazon to the Río da Prata (Río de la Plata); to plant steles ( padrões) at strategic sites along the “Gold and Silver Coast” (situated between the Río Santa Maria, at the southern boundary of the Treaty of Tordesillas, and the region of São Vicente) in order to demarcate Portuguese territory precisely; to capture or chase French ships along the “Brazilwood Coast” from the Cabo Branco (Paraíba) to Guanabará Bay; to perform agronomic experiments; and to found settlements.

Their selection was most certainly not innocent because, besides loyalty, these men possessed real skills in financial matters (administrative and financial management), personal networks, and perfect knowledge of economic and administrative mechanisms. These things would certainly help them to confront and resolve the financing or provisioning problems inherent in their new mission and to administer the lands entrusted to them rationally, thereby ensuring the success of the colonizing enterprise.

At the end of the eighteenth century, in spite of the creation of new hereditary captaincies (and even though they still theoretically administered nearly half of Brazilian territory), donatarial grants accounted for only a third of the total population (nearly 30,000 whites out of about 100,000), thirty or so vilas, and less than a third of production; the richest and most populous territories had been transferred to direct crown administration (Bahia, Río de Janeiro, and Pernambuco). , p. 208.

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