By André Goddu
Drawing on a part century of scholarship, of Polish reviews of Copernicus and Cracow collage, and of Copernicus's resources, this booklet bargains a entire second look of Copernicus's fulfillment, and explains his dedication to the uniform, round
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Extra info for Copernicus and the Aristotelian Tradition: Education, Reading, and Philosophy in Copernicus's Path to Heliocentrism
He could not possibly have known that a degree from Cracow was not necessary until the summer of 1495. Perhaps this is what Markowski meant when he asserted that Copernicus would not have been eligible for the income from his appointment if he had received a degree. It seems to me more precise to say that Copernicus delayed receiving a degree until he knew that he had to obtain one. The result, however, is virtually the same, namely, that Copernicus, uncertain about where he would complete his education, followed a course of studies in Cracow towards a degree in arts just in case he remained in Cracow.
Would enter the service of the church with the aim of securing benefices for them on their behalf. 54 Acquiring benefices and canonries was a highly competitive and political enterprise. The candidates would eventually have to obtain degrees in canon law. Lucas himself had entered the University of Cracow in 1463, completed a bachelor’s degree in arts at the University of Cologne in 1466 and a master’s degree in 1468. 55 We do not know whether the Copernicus brothers entered the University of Cracow with the intention of obtaining degrees.
He also cites Pappus on astronomy:25 According to Pappus, astronomy is the law of the stars because it teaches the path of the stars. ” Hence, astronomy is the science that teaches the law or rule of the stars, and because he names it “astronomy,” it, therefore, concerns continuous quantity in a narrow sense, namely, the celestial bodies in order with respect to motion. Astrology is an art and a part of astronomy, for the word “star” is put together with “logos,” which means “word,” as astrology is said to be the science that speaks about the stars.