By Lilian Lewis Shiman
Drink, 'the curse of Britain', was once sweeping the land, or so it looked as if it would many Englishmen within the early a long time of the 19th century. They held it liable for crime, poverty and plenty of different ills of the swiftly industrializing cities. A 'moderation' temperance reform prepared in 1829 mostly less than heart category auspices quickly gave strategy to a thorough dedication to overall abstinence in an outstanding number of employee self-help teams. whilst those too did not swap the consuming conduct of so much Englishmen the temperance flow sought new alliances. within the 1870s and Eighties Gospel Temperance married temperance to revivalist faith. It obtained the help of either verified and non-conformist church buildings, and thousands 'took the pledge'. yet many didn't; and as non secular enthusiasm light the anti-drink forces shifted their realization to the political area. After effectively pressuring the Liberal celebration to undertake constrained prohibition, they fixed a superb yet unsuccessful crusade within the 1895 election. With this defeat the anti-drink campaign disintegrated, leaving the committed teetotallers socially remoted within the shelter in their drink-free way of life.
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Additional resources for Crusade against Drink in Victorian England
46 Unfortunately for the teetotal movement, the greater portion of middle-class reformers of the moderation society were so unhappy with the working-class teetotallers that they withdrew their earlier support for temperance reformation. The teetotallers were forcing a change not only in the principles but also in the style of the movement: orderly educational lectures by well-known authorities were replaced by emotional meetings addressed by former drunkards. 4 Where the existing temperance society was able to resist the pressures of the extreme teetotallers, a separate working-class teetotal society was sometimes formed.
William Caine. This clergyman was unusual in that he was already a confirmed teetotaller by the time he was ordained, having signed the pledge and joined a juvenile teetotal association when he was eleven years old. Unfortunately for him, his first appointment was to the curacy of a parish that had strong anti-temperance sentiments. In fact, the members were so hostile to their new curate's activities that they forced him to resign, 32 and for the following ten years Mr Caine was without a parish.
They were close enough to their own humble beginnings to identify somewhat with the ambitions of the working-class exponents of self-help. This was particularly true of employers in the West Riding textile trade and the Lancashire cotton trade, industries relatively new to their areas and flexible and open enough to accept all kinds of talented men at all levels. The belief that a man was limited only by his own talents was particularly prominent in the first half of the nineteenth century, the time of the self-made captains of industry.