By Frederico Corriente
A survey of Arabic and allied loanwords in Western languages is a prime device to asses the influence of Islamic elements within the emergence and heritage of Western civilization. The Romance languages of the Iberian Peninsula are in an excellent place for this type of learn, contemplating the size and energy of Muslim states on its soil.
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Additional resources for Dictionary of Arabic and Allied loanwords: Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Galician and Kindred Dialects
Harking back to the heterogeneous dialects preceding the koine. , in Cs. jaquima "halter''< And . , tarima "wooden platform"< NeoAr. fla in arabico), azaque "a tax", in contrast with the expectable shape of Mur. , in Pt. arraia ''the common people" < And. arrafiyya, in which the loss of If! would have helped in producing a most favoured diphthong. As for the elimination of pretonic and post-tonic vowels and even whole syllables, already taking place to some extent in And. 1 and fn. 52), the Ar.
1). GRAMMAR OF ARABIC LOANWORDS IN ffiERO-ROMANCE xli silence, perceptible as a phoneme, before the articulation of a vowel or placed between the closing and next opening of the vowel cords. The phonemic status of hamz was not the same in all the Old Ar. dialects, it being occasionally replaced in many of them by lengthening of a preceding vowel and by semiconsonants (= glides) between vowels, which meant that it existed only in the onset of utterances, where it was of course redundant, as the vocal cords have to be open anyway in order to initiate speech.
Alcandiga for alcandia "Turkey millet" < And. , Sal. and Ext. ). , Cs. and Pt. almofar "mail head-cover under the helmet"