Download Divine Talk: Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes by Gunther Martin PDF

Download Divine Talk: Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes by Gunther Martin PDF

By Gunther Martin

Gunther Martin examines the references to faith within the speeches of Demosthenes and different Athenian orators within the 4th century BC. partly I he demonstrates the function faith performs within the rhetorical technique of speeches in political trials: his major argument is that audio system needed to be constant of their method of faith all through their profession. It used to be impossible to alter from being a practical to a `religious' speaker and again, however it was once attainable, while writing for others, to take advantage of faith in a manner one don't have used it whilst supplying a speech oneself. partially II Martin offers with meeting speeches and speeches in inner most trials, during which spiritual references are a ways scarcer. within the meeting, except surely spiritual issues are mentioned, faith turns out to were virtually inadmissible, whereas in deepest trials it's procedural components that offer nearly all of non secular references.

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Additional resources for Divine Talk: Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes

Example text

The claim that it was IóÝâåØÆ required justiWcation to seem plausible. Demosthenes, therefore, has to suggest that the sacredness the winner’s crown lacks in public opinion is still an attribute of the choregic crown. Only if he manages to manipulate the view of his audience, that is if he can convince them that his status when punched was diVerent from that of a mere victor (closer to that of the performing chorister), can he claim more easily that violation was a sacrilege. The same eVect of enhancing Demosthenes’ status is secondly achieved by making a connection with the oYcials of the city who enjoyed a ‘sacred’ status.

Demosthenes generalizes and claims sacrosanctity for everyone ‘to whom the city gives the privilege of wearing a crown (óôåçÆíÅçïæßÆ) or any honour’ (§33). He thus includes himself and explains that the attack against him, as a choregos during the sacred season, was a public oVence. Finally, Demosthenes explains that the pre-existing laws had obviously not suYced, so that the law on the Dionysia (that is, on the ðæïâïºÞ) was introduced. 14 In this way the god is introduced into the speech, the festival is 13 Demosthenes mentions the garment again in the discussion about the procedure he has chosen to pursue (§25–8).

Against Midias (Or. 37 Demosthenes’ terminology is thus questionable:38 he attempts to confer a high level of solemnity and authority on his role in the Dionysia, but cannot assume that his audience is willing to follow his interpretation. It is strained and for this reason he can neither dwell on this point too long nor completely pass over the attribute of sacredness unless he wants to leave the court confused by the obscurity of his remark. The immediate aim of this pretence is obvious. A priest deWnitely possesses the status of inviolability, for he is ‘a kind of walking temple’;39 so Demosthenes makes Midias’ destruction of the cloaks seem closer to being a sacrilege by equating them with those of priests, which are viewed as untouchable.

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