By John Burnet
In case you are contemplating this publication, i discovered it available to newbies, since it was once the *first* booklet at the Presocratics I learn, and that i acquired via it superb (with no previous Greek Philosophy instruction). now not as "strenuous" as Kirk & Raven which had rates imbedded in footnotes and so on. making it extra of a "scholarly" factor (but additionally first-class nonetheless).
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Extra info for Early Greek Philosophy
It is not safe to regard an apophthegm as evidence, and the chances are that it belongs to Thales as one of the Seven Wise Men, rather than as founder of the Milesian school. 44 On the other hand, it is probable that Thales did say the magnet and amber had souls. That is no apophthegm, but more on the level of the statement that the earth floats on the water. It is just the sort of thing we should expect Hekataios to record about Thales. It would be wrong, however, to draw any inference from it as to his view of the world; for to say the magnet and amber are alive is to imply, if anything, that other things are not.
38 That would account for their physiological character. The rise of scientific medicine had made biological arguments popular in the fifth century; but, in the days of Thales, the prevailing interest was not physiological, but meteorological, and it is from this point of view we must try to understand the theory. Now it is not hard to see how meteorological considerations may have led Thales to adopt the view he did. Of all the things we know, water seems to take the most various shapes. It is familiar to us in a solid, a liquid, and a vaporous form, and so Thales may well have thought he saw the worldprocess from water and back to water again going on before his eyes.
His Book 25. Theory of the Primary Substances 26. Rarefaction and Condensation 27. Air 28. The World Breathes 29. The Parts of the World 30. Innumerable Worlds 31. Influence of Anaximenes 30 1. , the tyrant Thrasyboulos succeeded in making terms with King Alyattes, and an alliance was concluded which secured Miletos against molestation for the future. Even half a century later, when Croesus, resuming his father's forward policy, made war upon and conquered Ephesos, Miletos was able to maintain the old treaty-relation, and never, strictly speaking, became subject to the Lydians at all.