Download Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic by Michiel de Vaan PDF

Download Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic by Michiel de Vaan PDF

By Michiel de Vaan

Latin is without doubt one of the significant historical Indo-European languages and one of many cornerstones of Indo-European stories. because the final accomplished etymological dictionary of Latin seemed in 1959, huge, immense growth has been made within the reconstruction of Proto-Indo-European, and lots of etymologies were revised. This new etymological dictionary covers the whole Latin lexicon of Indo-European beginning. It includes approximately 1900 entries, which altogether talk about approximately 8000 Latin lemmata. All phrases attested earlier than Cicero are integrated, including their first date of attestation in Latin. The dictionary additionally comprises the entire inherited phrases present in the opposite historical Italic languages, akin to Oscan, Umbrian and South Picene; hence, it additionally serves as an etymological dictionary of Italic.

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Extra resources for Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary)

Sample text

Anafrfss and Latin imber. : WH I: 37, EM 27. imber ambuld, -are 'to walk' [v. ), redambuldre 'to walk back' (PL). Pit. *ala- 'to wander'. It. cognates: U. amb-oltu 'must go around* < *-ala-tod. ] 'to wander'. IE cognates: Gr. alaopcti 'to wander, roam', Latv. aluSt 'to roam*. Lat. (amb)ulare and Umbrian *ala- can both continue a PIE root present *h2elh2- > *ala-. g. in sternere : consternare), the sg. *alati may lie at the basis of ambuldre; similarly Schrijver 1991. v. , Rix 1999: 525, Meiser 2003: 70, LIV *h2elh2-.

Ambuld. The adj. could be derived from the root *h2elH- of ambuldre 'to walk about', although the semantics do not compel us to assume that these words are cognate. Formally, the connection would imply a suffix *-kri~, which is rare. Its two other occurrences are in words derived from a verbal stem, viz. votucer 'flying' and ludicre 'playfully'. Viewed in this light, deriving alacer from (amb)ulare is not such a strange idea. It may then serve as support for the view that ambuldre represents an athematic stem *ala~.

Ar-ac 'proverb', asem 'to say' < *k), ToAB aks- 'to announce, proclaim, instruct, recite' < PTo. *dks~ < PIE *htg-s-. 32 alacer Originally, only a pr. *ajj-\ the 3s. ait could also be interpreted as a perfect form, whence aisti. Greek, Armenian and Tocharian point to a root *h}g- or maybe *h2g~. If *h,>eg-, this is generally assumed to be a different root than PIE *h2eg- 'to drive'. In Latin, the sequence *HgiV- may have regularly developed into *agjV- according to Schrijver 1991: 485, but the details remain difficult.

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