By Gilbert Harman
Explaining price is a variety of the simplest of Gilbert Harman's shorter writings in ethical philosophy. The 13 essays are divided into 4 sections, which concentration in activate ethical relativism, values and valuing, personality characteristics and advantage ethics, and methods of explaining facets of morality. Harman's specified method of ethical philosophy has provoked a lot curiosity; this quantity bargains a desirable conspectus of his most crucial paintings within the region.
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Extra resources for Explaining Value: and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy
The judgement that X is wrong is always incomplete, just as the judgement that P is tall is incomplete. We always understand the latter judgement as the judgement that P is tall for a person, or for a basketball player, etc. Similarly, we must understand the former judgement as saying that X is wrong for a Christian, for a Muslim, for someone who accepts such and such demands, or something. Stevenson (1963b) uses the term ‘relativism’ to indicate something like this second form of moral judgement relativism.
If they come to see that they are speaking in relation to relevantly different moralities, they will have to stop saying what they are saying or indeed be guilty of misuse of language. A relativist can intelligibly disagree with an absolutist over whether something is wrong if the relativist makes his judgement in relation to a morality the absolutist accepts, in the same way that a relativity-theory physicist can disagree with a Newtonian over what the mass of a certain object is, if the relativity theorist makes his judgement in relation to an appropriate inertial framework.
It must be argued, and not just assumed, that there is something wrong with this second usage. Indeed, suppose that, although one initially uses moral terminology in the ﬁrst way, one becomes convinced of assumptions 1 and 2W. These assumptions logically imply normative moral relativism. Then one has become convinced of the falsity of a presupposition of one's use of moral terminology. What should one do? There are two options here. One might simply abandon moral terminology altogether in the way that one abandons certain racist or sexist terminology after becoming aware of the false presuppositions of its usage.