By Mary R. Bachvarova
This booklet offers a groundbreaking reassessment of the prehistory of Homeric epic. It argues that during the Early Iron Age bilingual poets transmitted to the Greeks a suite of narrative traditions heavily on the topic of the only came upon at Bronze-Age Hattusa, the Hittite capital. Key drivers for close to jap impression at the constructing Homeric culture have been the shared practices of supralocal fairs and venerating divinized ancestors, and a shared curiosity in growing narratives a couple of mythical previous utilizing a couple of particular storylines: theogonies, genealogies connecting neighborhood polities, long-distance shuttle, destruction of a recognized urban since it refuses to free up captives, and attempting to triumph over demise whilst faced with the lack of a pricey better half. Professor Bachvarova concludes via offering a clean clarification of the origins and value of the Greco-Anatolian legend of Troy, thereby supplying a brand new way to the long-debated query of the historicity of the Trojan conflict.
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Additional info for From Hittite to Homer: The Anatolian Background of Ancient Greek Epic
26 Certainly the Old Assyrian script standard for the texts found at Kanesh is not the precursor of the Hittite Old Script. 27 Finally, we now know that there were already scribes in the court of Hattusili I who knew how to write in Akkadian before he had completed his campaigns in north Syria, as shown by the Tikunani Letter addressed to Tunip-Teshshub and written in vivid Akkadian, which was probably sent by Hattusili 22 23 24 25 27 Furthermore, Middle Hittite should be considered a transition stage between Old and New Hittite rather than an independent stage unto itself (Melchert 2007).
4, ﬁg. 13). 12 Rough dates of Alalakh levels from Mullins (2010: 61–3). 13 Hittite dates and reigns from Bryce (2005: xv), omitting Kurunta. 14 Synchronisms with Hittite kings follow Bryce (2005). 15 The Middle Assyrian Kingdom dates cited diﬀer by ten years in the diﬀerent recensions of the Assyrian King List. I use the later dates here, as they match the Hittite chronology better (synchronism between Suppiluliuma II and Tukulti-Ninurta I). 16 Carchemish reigns from Bryce (2005; 2012: 84–6). 17 Synchronisms with Hittite kings follow Bryce (2005), with rough approximation of Hartapu's reign based on Hawkins (2000: 429) and Bryce (2005: 352–3).
Ir-Teshshub, later 12th cent. PUGNUS-mili Runtiya, Arnuwanti I, Ini-Teshshub I late 12th–early 11th cent. PUGNUS-mili II 1200– 1180 Ramses III TiglathPileser I 1115– 1076 1188– 1155 or 1183– 1151 Table 2. MEŠ ‘the Great Goddesses’ group includes Anzili Ninhursag Mountain Kel Dağ (Turkish) Ğebel al-Aqra (Syrian) Snake monster Asag Aphrodite bashmu Titans Sandas Iyarri Tutelary deity Mother/ grandmother goddess Anzili Sapon Hazzi Tunnan Hedammu Apollo Demeter Casius Illuyanka Typhon Python xxxiv Maps B l a c k S e a Pala A n a t o l i a S aka Wilusa Scamander R.