By Joao Gomes Porto, Chris Alden and Imogen Parsons
Demilitarization of clash and society is essential to development sustainable peace in international locations rising from the scourge of civil warfare. As longstanding conflicts come to an finish, techniques which facilitate the possibly risky transition from formal peace to social peace are seriously very important. on the center of the workout is the need of remodeling the tradition and the tools of conflict - demilitarization - together with disarming, demobilizing and reintegrating (DDR) former warring parties into society.This quantity represents the 1st in-depth and entire dialogue of reintegration of former warring parties in struggle to peace transitions. as well as a scientific mirrored image and evaluation of current literature on DDR, the authors devised and utilized a box learn method to learning the reintegration of former fighters in Angola with almost certainly major implications at the layout and implementation of DDR programmes. the amount is written for lecturers, scholars and practitioners concentrating on struggle to peace transitions and post-conflict concerns.
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Extra resources for From Soldiers to Citizens: Demilitarization of Conflict and Society
This was patently clear in the Ethiopia case as the Commission in charge of the DRR considered that reintegration referred to “a long-term period of approximately two years during which ex-combatants gradually become ‘normal’ country members, both in social and economic terms [our emphasis]” (Colletta et al 1996 (B), 49). Reintegration requires the transformation of the individual: from a soldier, a combatant, a mercenary to a civilian, in fact, a citizen – a transformation which is largely voluntary and whose success depends on the willingness and initiative of the former combatant.
How to avoid the danger of conﬂation referred to above, by which reintegration as part of DDR programs is given responsibilities and tasks that it cannot possibly fulﬁll? A number of additional concerns underlie the importance given to the community. Perhaps ﬁrst and foremost is the issue of demobilized combatants’ allegiance to their former military networks and the potential for remobilization posed by unsatisﬁed former combatants. Former combatants “must be convinced that there are better options than taking up arms again” – namely, better opportunities at the end of the DDR process.
29 In a similar vein, referring to the otherwise relatively smooth DDR program currently being implemented in Burundi, Boshoff and Vrey note that, The biggest challenge for the future will be the reintegration of the ex-combatants into civilian life. This process is only just beginning. Demobilised ex-combatants and former soldiers were given reinsertion payments to support them for 18 months. The long-term goal, however, is their acquiring a sustainable social and economic role in a peaceful society (Boshoff and Vrey 2006).