By Abdel-Fatau Musah (Editor), J. 'Kayode Fayemi (Editor)
This robust booklet reviews mercenary involvement in post-Cold conflict African conflicts. The individuals examine the hyperlinks among the increase in inner conflicts and the proliferation of mercenary actions within the Nineteen Nineties; the excellence within the equipment followed through chilly warfare mercenaries and their modern opposite numbers; the convoluted community among inner most armies; company pursuits and sustained poverty in Africa’s poorest international locations; and the relationship among mercenary actions and fingers proliferation. international locations mentioned comprise Sierra Leone, Zaire, Angola, Uganda and Congo.
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Additional resources for Mercenaries: An African Security Dilemma
International legal instruments should emphasise the need to understand the interplay between systemic and local factors in order to accurately predict the nature of the emerging threats and plan their management. Without this necessary change in mindset of both the African security elite and the international policy-makers who influence them, all international instruments aimed at curbing the mercenary trade will remain ineffective. Yet this can only happen if there is a challenge to the dominant discourse in mainstream scholarship, which gives the impression that ‘the only alternative is now private security forces’.
According to Enrique Bernales Ballesteros, the UN Special Rapporteur on Mercenaries, firms like EO and Sandline begin to exploit the concessions received by associating with established mineral companies or setting up a convoluted network of associated companies which engage in ‘legitimate’ business. 24 In the case studies contained in this book on Sierra Leone, Angola and Zaire,indicate a clear and consistent correlation between the activities of the mercenary outfits and the rising fortunes of mineral prospecting and distribution corporations in these war-torn countries.
More importantly, in most cases they are not guerrilla wars fought over political ideologies. In spite of these changes in the post-Cold War era, the notion of African security has remained inclusive and parochial, and Africa’s national security elites have become more interested in the management of violence and primacy of power politics. The challenge to this perspective often comes from those who believe that the existing order needs transformation, not management, and the refusal to reach a middle ground has frequently resulted in internal conflicts.