By Carolyn Rovee-Collier, Lewis P. Lipsitt, Harlene Hayne
The development in Infancy learn sequence is devoted to the presentation of cutting edge and intriguing examine on babies, either human and animal. each one quantity within the sequence is designed to face on my own and includes self sustaining chapters that are in accordance with top of the range courses of analysis with babies. those chapters combine the paintings of the authors with that of alternative specialists operating within the similar or similar parts. The authors desire to current prime quality severe syntheses concerning toddler notion and sensation, studying and reminiscence tactics, and different points of improvement. This sequence could be a discussion board for the presentation of technological breakthroughs, methodological advances, and new integrations that will create structures for destiny programmatic paintings at the complexities of child habit and improvement. every one quantity within the sequence is devoted to an exceptional investigator whose study has illuminated the character of youngster habit and improvement, and whose contributions to the sphere were of seminal significance.
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Additional resources for Progress in infancy research, Volume 1
Campbell: Selected Works 1 Retention and Extinction of Learned Fear in Infant and Adult Rats (1962) By Byron A. Campbell and Enid Hobart Campbell 1 Reinstatement (1966) By Byron A. Campbell and Julian Jaynes 16 2. Age-related Changes in Imitation: Implications for Memory Development Rachel Barr and Harlene Hayne 21 Mobile Conjugate Reinforcement Paradigm 21 Imitation Paradigms 24 Deferred Imitation 24 Elicited Imitation 25 Present Research Program 26 General Procedure 27 Age-related Changes in Learning 28 Page vi Imitation of Live Models 28 Imitation from Television 32 Age-related Changes in Retention 38 Age-related Changes in the Specificity of Memory Retrieval 40 Proximal Retrieval Cues 42 Contextual Retrieval Cues 47 The Effects of Practice 49 Long-term Retention of Complex Sequences 50 Specificity of Effective Retrieval Cues 51 Memory Reactivation 54 Summary 57 Implications and Conclusions 59 Multiple Memory Systems 59 Childhood Amnesia 61 Acknowledgments 62 References 62 3.
Down Syndrome: Neuropsychology and Animal Models Linda S. Crnic and Bruce F. Pennington 69 The Neuropsychology of down Syndrome 69 Level and Trajectory of IQ 72 Speech and Language 73 Short-term Memory 74 Spatial Cognition 74 The Prefrontal Cortex 75 The Hippocampus 77 The Cerebellum 77 Overview of Animal Models of down Syndrome 78 Why Create Animal Models of DS? 78 Is DNA Destiny? 79 Development of Animal Models of down Syndrome 79 Mouse Trisomy 16 (Ts16) 80 Single Gene and Yeast Artificial Chromosome (YAC) Transgenics 81 Segmental Trisomy Mice 83 Developmental and Behavioral Phenotype of Segmental Trisomies 84 Early Development 84 Sensorimotor Function 84 Cognitive Phenotype of the Partial Trisomies 85 Prefrontal Signs 86 Hippocampal Signs 90 Cerebellar Signs 96 Social Behavior 96 Stereotypies 96 Cognitive Strengths 97 Page vii Central Nervous System Phenotype of Segmental Trisomies 97 Neuroanatomy 97 Cholinergic Neuron Loss 98 Alzheimer's-like Neuropathology 99 Neurochemical Systems 99 Gene Linkage of Cognitive Phenotypes 100 Cautionary Note 101 Conclusions 102 Acknowledgments 102 References 103 4.
In fact, the argument might be made that the rat or similar mammal is a better subject than the primate for studying the development with age of some of the fundamental learning processes such as acquisition and extinction of simple instrumental responses, acquired drives and rewards, stimulus generalization, and the like, because its behavior is uncluttered by higher mental processes (such as those characterizing monkeys and man) that often mask the simpler underlying processes. The ultimate answers to the problems at hand, of course, do not stem from single studies on any one species but, rather, depend on the cumulative accrual of research knowledge from many species, including man.