By Kaveh Farrokh
The ruins of Persepolis evoke the best-known occasions of old Persia's background: Alexander the Great's defeat of Darius III, his conquest of the Achaemenid empire, and the burning of the good palace advanced at Persepolis. although, lots of the heritage of historic Persia is still as mysterious at the present time because it used to be to modern Western students. in comparison to the world-famous Alexander, the various wars gained via the Achaemenid, Parthian, and Sassanian empires, and their progressive army know-how, were virtually forgotten within the sands of the East. In its day, Persia used to be a superpower to rival Greece and Rome, and clash among them spanned over a millennium. via those wars, and exchange, those foes learnt from one another, not just adopting parts of army know-how, yet affects within the arts, structure, faith, know-how and studying. during this fantastically illustrated e-book, Dr Kaveh Farrokh narrates the historical past of Persia from earlier than the 1st empires, via their wars with East and West to the autumn of the Sassanians. He additionally delves into the forgotten cultural history of the Persians, unfold internationally via conflict and conquest, which, even after the autumn of the Sassanians, endured to affect upon the Western global.
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Additional info for Shadows in the Desert: Ancient Persia at War (General Military)
To begin with, the kings and princes had been raised to fight one another, with toy soldiers, pikes, and firearms as children and actual training in their youth. At the age of seven, the future King Philip IV of Spain could besiege a toy fortress with a model of the enormous army that his father maintained in the Spanish Netherlands. At age eight, his counterpart in France, the future Louis XIII, graduated from play weapons and warships to firing actual muskets. . . inspired in the public,” in the words of Louis XIV’s instructions for his son.
But it too made iron fittings rust, which was not easy matter to resolve since the underlying science was as yet a mystery. But after trying out layers of paper and other substances to separate the copper and the hull, the British navy eventually solved the problem in the 1780s by replacing the iron 47 For examples of cannons exploding when tested, including one in Frankfurt in 1377, see Rathgen 1928, 20; Leng 2002, 304–315, 342–344. Although firearms first appeared in Europe in the late fourteenth century, their numbers began to grow only in the early fifteenth century: Hall 1997, 95–97; McLachlan 2010, 25–37; de Vries and Smith 2012, 144–147.
Readers who hate equations can simply read the verbal summaries here. That will be enough to see how the model sheds light both on early modern Europe and on the rest of the world. The requisite model has to explain decisions about going to war and military spending. Otherwise it cannot make sense of all the fighting in western Europe and all the resources that went into it. It also has to account for improvements in military technology and apply not just to western Europe but to the rest of Eurasia as well.