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This quantity experiences Africa's previous stories of social coverage, with an eye fixed at the destiny. Contributions research a variety of social coverage concerns round healthcare, schooling, the labour marketplace and social welfare, and spotlight vital conceptual and coverage matters for rebuilding Africa. What stands proud from those reviews is how good the post-colonial nationalist leaders understood the optimistic hyperlinks among social coverage and financial improvement, and the importance of monetary and social coverage for kingdom development.
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Extra resources for Social Policy in Sub-Saharan African Context: In Search of Inclusive Development (Social Policy in a Development Context)
Massive reduction in tariff-based revenue, reduction in taxes and tax rates were two such cases that undermined the fiscal base of the state. In several cases, as Okuonzi (2004) noted in respect of health care services, the state was discouraged from investing in health care services; the same applies in the area of education. Stephen Lewis’s (2005) recollection of his experience in this area during his 2005 Massey Lectures Race Against Time is worth quoting at length: I remember being in Malawi in 2002 at a roundtable discussion with the vice-president and a number of civil servants from the Ministry of Finance.
65 per cent in 1995. In real terms, this was a decline in public spending from US$3,719 million in 1980 to US$181 million in 1995 (World Bank 2005). Ghana, with similar experience of adjustment, more doubled its public spending on education (Udegbe, Chapter 5). Public spending on education increased from US$132 million in 1980 to US$273 million in 1995 (World Bank 2005). At the other end Tanzania experienced a dramatic shifting of the burden of education financing (especially at the tertiary level) to citizens and the institutions.
Elson and Cagatay (2000: 1354–7) argued that the policy framework itself was shaped by three biases, with fundamental implications for social policy and social development outcomes: ‘deflationary bias’, ‘male-breadwinner bias’, and ‘commodification bias’. We will return to this in the next section of this chapter. The period from 1960 to 1980 witnessed a significant improvement in a range of social development indicators (cf. 1 would suggest that, for sub-Saharan Africa as a whole, much of the domestic investment from 1960 to 1980 was financed largely by domestic resources.