By Tuomas Tepora, Aapo Roselius
The Finnish Civil struggle 1918 bargains a wealthy account of the heritage and reminiscence of the fast clash among socialist Reds and non-socialist Whites within the iciness and spring of 1918. It additionally lines the legacy of the bloody conflict in Finnish society until eventually this day. the quantity brings jointly verified scholarship of political and social historical past with more recent methods stemming from the cultural heritage of conflict, reminiscence stories, gender reviews, heritage of feelings, psychohistory and oral heritage. The individuals supply readers with an exceptional dialogue of the Civil conflict inside of its foreign and nationwide frameworks. between issues mentioned are violence and terror, enemy photos, Finnish irredentist campaigns in Soviet Karelia and the complicated reminiscence of the clash. in addition to a old narrative, the quantity discusses the present country of historiography of the Finnish Civil struggle.
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Additional info for The Finnish Civil War 1918: History, Memory, Legacy
His chapter analyzes the significance of World War II in transforming the divisive memories springing from 1918 into unifying symbolism of 1939–44. He goes on to scrutinize how the War of Liberation changed into Civil War in the 1960s and how the public commemorations, the press, and fiction portrayed the Civil War in the Cold War era, especially against the backdrop of World War II experiences. The last chapter, written by Tiina Kinnunen, looks at the post-Cold War commemoration and interpretations of the Civil War.
Helsinki and many other towns had Russian garrisons, and thousands of soldiers lived in Finland. 22 The birth of a “nation state” with well-organized civil society in Finland before 1914 tells us about a social process reflecting changing economic, social, and institutional structures. It was a form of societal reorganization, which may be called modernization and which was pushed by external factors, although it was experienced locally. Nationalism and socialism were the dominant ideological expressions of the change and became the most appealing political promises and identities for the masses.
In fact, Finland was driven and changed by the same factors that drove and changed the most developed areas of the world. The most important was capitalistic industrialization, which resulted from the so-called first globalization between 1880 and 1910. Finland had been a part of the northern European economy for centuries, exporting mainly wood and tar, but now the scale of foreign trade exploded and began to dominate economic and social development through creating new jobs, relocating population, and by reacting to economic fluctuations.