By Plato, Trevor Saunders, R. F. Stalley
Within the legislation, Plato describes in attention-grabbing element a entire procedure of laws in a small agricultural utopia he named Magnesia. His legislation not just govern crime and punishment but additionally shape a code of behavior for all facets of lifestyles in his perfect state—from schooling, activities, and faith to sexual habit, marriage, and consuming events. Plato units out a plan for the daily rule of Magnesia, administered by way of electorate and elected officers, with preferrred energy held via a Council. even if Plato’s perspectives that voters should still act in entire obedience to the legislation were learn as totalitarian, The legislation still constitutes a hugely notable application for the reform of society and offers a very important perception into the brain of 1 of classical Greece’s superior thinkers. * Revised version contains an appendix, index, a brand new preface, and up-to-date extra studying * Trevor J. Saunders's translation combines accuracy with clarity * advent discusses Plato's lifestyles and instances, his political idea, and smooth reactions to his works
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Extra info for The Laws
In 1976 he produced a very full Bibliography on Plato’s Laws, a revised version of which has recently been produced by Luc Brisson. Saunders’s unique contribution to the study of this dialogue was recognized by the International Plato Society, which honoured his memory with a Trevor Saunders memorial lecture at its triennial symposium in 2001. For this edition minor revisions to the translation have been made by Saunders’s widow, Teresa, an accomplished classicist who had assisted him in much of his work.
Plato now sees law as the supreme, though essentially imperfect, instrument for the moral salvation of society: he calls it the ‘dispensation of reason’ (714a), and the entire life of the community must accordingly be governed by a detailed code of laws which will express as far as possible the philosopher’s vision of the true good. But in so far as the true good never changes, and the code’s expression of the philosopher’s vision will be the best attainable, any change in the laws can only be for the worse.
B) Population and Occupations There are to be precisely 5,040 citizens,29 of whom some, at least, will own slaves. There will in addition be a class of resident aliens, each restricted to a sojourn of twenty years. Every citizen will own a farm capable of providing himself and his family (and slaves, if any) with a livelihood. Extreme wealth and extreme poverty must be avoided, so as to prevent civil strife. The wealthier citizens could probably expect to see most of their manual work performed by slaves; certainly all trades and handicrafts – occupations which debase the soul by encouraging a desire for excessive profit – are to be in the hands of the resident aliens, whose moral corruption is of little moment; a citizen has enough to do in pursuing a life of virtue by caring for his own farm and family and by playing his proper part in the running of the state.